General Information: València is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 809,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre. Valencia is also Spain's third largest metropolitan area, with a population ranging from 1.7 to 2.3 million.
Climate:Valencia has a subtropical climate on the borderline of the Mediterranean climate and semi-arid climate, with very mild winters and long warm to hot summers.
Soil:Most of the vines are planted in soils that are stoney, loose, very poor in nutrients and with a high lime content. The permeability is good so the roots are able to obtain the water and nutrients they require.
Grapes:Red varieties are predominant in Calatayud DO and account for about 83% of the vines planted. 11 different varieties (7 red and 4 white) are authorized by the regulations of the DO, but by far the most significant one is Garnacha Tinta, a red grape, representing over 55% of the vines planted. The other red varieties are: Mazuelo, Tempranillo, Monastrell, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah. The authorized white varieties are: Macabeo, Malvasía, Garnacha Blanca and Chardonnay.