General Information: Bordeaux is probably the most well-know wine region in France. Bordeaux counts for one third of the good quality french wine (AOC, crus bourgeois, crus classés).
The wines are so good there that a Bordeaux ranking is needed to classify the best of the best. Some of them are universal: Margaux, Yquem, Pétrus, Cheval Blanc, Haut Brion and all the others. Bordeaux has about 7,000 chateaux !
Climate:Oceanic and temperate with short, mild winters, quite hot summers, long autumns and a high degree of humidity generated by the Atlantic Ocean
Soil:Gravels coming from the Pyrénées mountains
and clay, sand, limestone
in Bordeaux: Merlot (50% of Bordeaux vineyards)
Cabernet Sauvignon (26%)
Cabernet Franc (10%)
Other red grapes in Bordeaux, very occasionally: Petit Verdot - Malbec - Carmenère
in Bordeaux: Sémillon (8% of Bordeaux wines)
Other white grapes in Bordeaux, very occasionally: Muscadelle - Ugni blanc - Colombard - Folle blanche